LIGHTING FOR THE HOME
Basically, make sure you make the best use of daylight, allowing it to penetrate all the spaces it can reach. Adjust artificial lighting as needed.
Think about the functional aspect of lighting in your various rooms, so that you can tailor it to your own needs. Bear in mind you might have to cater to various needs in the same room (e.g. creating cosy moments at the dinner table or providing adequate lighting for someone doing homework on a dark winter evening). This is equally important whether you’re choosing lamps or light sources.
It’s a good idea to use many different types of lampsin your home that can then be switched on as needed. Light up your room using small light islands, so you don’t get any dark corners. Bear in mind that form and space is defined through the interplay between light and shadow.
Most successful interior solutions using artificial light rely on a combination of diffuse and direct light. Diffuse light provides a soft light that illuminates the room. You can create diffuse light by using lamps enclosed within glass, paper etc. containers (e.g. Caravaggio Opal and Lullaby). This means that, instead of being projected in a single direction, the intensity of the light is softened by the material from which the lampshade is made. An effective use of direct light is to project it onto a surface. That way, the light becomes functional and focuses attention. Direct light is usually produced by metal lamps (e.g. Caravaggio, Orient, Calabash and Radon).
Lighting that’s done properly doesn’t create glare. This is one the few things lighting experts agree on. Position your lamps in such a way that their light sources don’t create glare and follow the manufacturer’s advice on the maximum length of the light source.
Use a dimmer to create the perfect atmosphere with your lamps. Please note, though, that many energy-saving bulbs cannot be dimmed without producing poorer light. The choice of lamps on offer is rapidly expanding and, so, there are many good dimmable light sources that don’t compromise on lighting quality. Many LED light sources are suitable for dimming.
A living room has several different functions, each one calling for a different lighting solution. It’s a good idea to fit your living room with several lamps that can be switched on as needed and that can be dimmed. Combine functional reading lights with tea lights. You can suspend pendant lamps over your coffee table, but you can also cluster them beside your couch. This will allow you to suspend your pendant lamps lower and create an unobstructed view.
Make sure you position lamps in the corners of your living room: this creates a cosy atmosphere and prevent gloomy dark areas. Invest in quality light sources with a high light quality.
Lighting in your dining room must ensure enough light for you to be able to see and enjoy the food you’re eating. It must also be adequate enough for you to be able to do handwork, work at a computer, play board games etc. At the same time, bear in mind that the lighting in your living room can create a pleasant atmosphere when you have people over for dinner.
Suspend pendant lamps over the table so the entire table area is illuminated. Depending on your needs and wishes, you can suspend a single large pendant lamp or several small ones.
In the Nordic countries, the standard recommended height for pendant lamps is 60-65 cm above the table. This prevent glare and ensures an unobstructed view. Metal pendant lamps with a direct light focus attention on the dining table, whereas glass lamps with a diffuse light illuminate the entire living room. Fit your pendant lamps with a dimmer device if you want to be able to adjust light intensity. Make high light quality a priority and pay a little extra for your light source.
Create a cosy atmosphere in your living room using several small light islands along the walls or in the corners.
Being the most important work area in a home, the kitchen places great demands on lighting. Make sure your light sources have an adequate colour reproduction rating (Ra), so you can see the colours of the food you’re preparing. Suspend several lamps so the light is dispersed evenly and so that it covers the preparation and cooking areas. Wall lamps can be combined with pendant lamps with good effect. Invest in light sources with a quality colour reproduction: they will make your food look more appetizing.
Good room and bed lighting is essential for bedrooms. You could, for example, combine a pendant lamp with diffuse light (e.g. Caravaggio Opal, Atomheart or Lullaby) with wall lamps with direct light (e.g. Caravaggio or Radon). Make sure your wall lamps can be adjusted for reading, if required.
Regardless of whether your reading light is supplied by a floor, table or wall lamp, always make sure the light doesn’t land directly on what you’re reading. You can create a shadow contrast by arranging the light to fall diagonally across your book. This can be used to great effect if the lamp head is adjustable, so that the light can be adjusted to different people and sitting positions.